ESE (IES) Civil Exam Analysis 2021: Previous Years Analysis, Questions Asked

ESE (IES) Civil Exam Analysis 2021: Previous Years Analysis, Questions Asked

ByVineet Vijay  |  Updated on: Jul 18, 2021ESE IES CE 2022 application process ended! Know the ESE Civil 2022 Prelims and Mains date, admit card, Prelims exam analysis, cutoff, result here.
ESE IES CE 2022 application process ended! Know the ESE Civil 2022 Prelims and Mains date, admit card, Prelims exam analysis, cutoff, result here.
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ESE CE Prelims Exam Analysis 2021

The ESE CE Prelims has been conducted successfully for all the candidates. We provide you with the most genuine analysis conducted by the experts. The exam analysis for the ESE IES CE Prelims Paper will help you to know the difficulty level of the exam. Candidate can check the detailed analysis and analyse their performance. As per the analysis, listed below are the important points informing about the level and type of questions that were asked in ESE IES Paper 1 General Studies & Engg. Aptitude was Easy to Moderate.

ESE 2021 Prelims - General Studies & Engineering Aptitude (Paper 1)
Weighatge Analysis
SubjectDifficulty LevelQuestions
Current Affairs of National and InternationalEasy18
Ethics and values in the Engineering professionEasy10
Basics of Energy and EnvironmentEasy6
General Principles of Design, Drawing, Importance of SafetyModerate7
Standards and Quality practicesModerate7
Information and Communication TechnologiesModerate10
Basics of Project ManagementEasy4
Basics of Material Science and EngineeringEasy8
Engineering AptitudeEasy15
Engineering Mathematics and Numerical AnalysisEasy15
TOTALOverall: Easy to Moderate100

IES Prelims Paper 2 for Civil Engineering was conducted in the Afternoon session. Candidates Found this paper a little bit on the tougher side. Detailed analysis is provided below along with the major topics covered.


Prelims Paper I(Civil Engineering) Exam Highlights 2021

Here are the major highlights of the ESE CE Paper1 2021

  • The level ESE Paper 1 was Easy.
  • Current Affairs also had a good Weightage in Examination.
  • Most questions were from Engineering Mathematics & Aptitude.
  • Basics of Energy and Environment was Easy to moderate this time and 5 Questions were asked. 
  • There were around 15 questions were from Engineering Aptitude and Engineering Mathematics both.


ESE IES Paper Paper 1 General Studies & Engg. Aptitude Exam 2021 Overview


  • IES Prelims Paper 1 was conducted in the session. Candidates Found this paper Easy.
  • Most questions were asked from Current Affairs, Engineering Mathematics and Aptitude.
  • The level of questions was Easy in comparison to last year’s paper. Check for UPSC IES Syllabus and ESE 2021 Prelims Exam Analysis

ESE IES 2021 Prelims Paper 1 Analysis 2021


No. of Questions

Difficulty Level

Current issues of National and International importance relating to Social, Economic and Industrial development



Engineering aptitude covering Logical reasoning and analytical ability



Engineering Mathematics and Numerical analysis



General Principles of Design, Drawing, Importance of safety



Standards and Quality practices in production, construction, maintenance and services



Basics of Energy and Environment: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, Climate Change, Environmental impact assessment



Basics of Project Management



Basics of Material Science and Engineering



Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) based tools and their applications in Engineering



Ethics and values in the Engineering profession.





Overall: Easy to Moderate

ESE IES Prelims Paper 2021: Exam Highlights

ESE CE 2021Paper 1Paper 2
SubjectsGeneral Studies and Engineering DisciplineTechnical Paper - Civil 
Shift Timings10 am to 12 pm2 pm to 5 pm
Mode of ExaminationOfflineOffline
Total No. of Questions100150
Total Marks200300
Exam Duration2 hours3 hours
Negative Marking1/3rd of the marks allotted to a question1/3rd of the marks allotted to a question
Difficulty LevelEasy to ModerateModerate to Tough


ESE IES Civil Prelims Exam 2021: Highlights

  • Overall paper was moderate to tough
  • Questions are very calculative
  • Some questions were not fully explanatory
  • Around 15 % of the questions were from the unexpected part
  • No of good attempts are 100 -110
  • Check for UPSC IES Syllabus and ESE 2021 Prelims Exam Analysis

ESE IES Civil Prelims Exam 18th July 2021: Subject Wise Analysis

Here is the Subject-wise breakup of the ESE/IES CE 2021 exam for the Prelims Exam for Paper-II.

SubjectNo of Questions
Strength of Materials (SOM) 14
Soil Mechanics 11
Foundation Engineering 1
Engineering Hydrology 5
Highway Engineering 8
Surveying 12
Irrigation Engineering 9
Construction Materials and Management 28
Design of Steel Structures 13
Fluid Mechanics & Hydraulics 13
Railways, Airport and Tunneling 5
Structural Analysis 6
Design of Concrete Structures 14
Environmental Engineering 11
Total 150

ESE IES Civil Prelims Exam 18th July 2021: Topic Wise Detailed Analysis


Weightage Analysis for ESE 2021

QuestionsMajor Topics Covered 
Difficulty Level% Marks
Strength of Materials (SOM)Tough9%Principal Stress and Springs
Soil MechanicsModerate7%Properties of Soil, Earth Pressure and Ground Improvement Techniques
Foundation EngineeringEasy1%Shallow Foundation
Engineering HydrologyModerate3% Channel Routing, Flood Routing and Ground-water Hydrology
Highway EngineeringModerate5% Geometric Design, Pavement Design and Traffic Engg
SurveyingModerate8% Remote Sensing, Compass Surveying
Irrigation EngineeringModerate6% Water Requirements, Canal and Dams
Construction Materials and ManagementModerate19% Building Construction, Project Management and Timber
Design of Steel StructuresModerate9% Compression Members, Tension Members (Codal Provisions)
Fluid Mechanics & HydraulicsEasy to Moderate 9% 

Fluid Kinematics and Hydraulic Machines

Railways, Airport and TunnelingEasy3% Tunnelling and Geometric Design
Structural AnalysisEasy to Moderate4% Determinacy and Structural Dynamics
Design of Concrete StructuresModerate9% Codal Provisions, Fundamentals of RCC
Environmental EngineeringModerate7% 

Water Supply Engg and Waste Water Engg


ESE IES Civil Prelims Paper 2 Expected Cut off 2021

As Per Analysis the Expected Cut off for ESE IES Prelims Paper 2 Civil Engineering will be updated soon.

  • IES 2021 Cutoff for Preliminary exam will be disclosed at the time of final result declaration.
  • Candidates can check the cut off of IES online by visiting the official website of UPSC
  • To qualify for the next stage of Examination ie. IES Main exam it is important to score equal or more marks than the set qualifying cut off marks.
  • The cut off depends on the following factors -
    • The total number of students who appeared for IES
    • The total number of vacancies 
    • The difficulty level of the Engineering Services Examination for the year.
    • last but not least is the Candidates’ performance.

What next after the ESE 2021 Prelims Examination is over?

Check here the expected Cut off if your score is somewhat less or near it, then do not sit idle, start preparing for Mains Examination. ESE is a high cadre examination that is carried out in three stages i.e., Prelims, Mains & Interview. The IES officers are placed in various technical departments of the country in order to manage several technical tasks in various Departments. Shortlisted candidates from IES Mains will then be called for a personal interview session for final recruitment.

How to Prepare for ESE Civil Engineering Interview?

ESE interview questions could be asked from subject-specific, project-specific, current affairs of recent Scenario or General Questions from your education or life. Check all the important topics. You can see common Questions Asked in ESE interviews from here.

ESE 2021 Prelims Paper 2 : Answer Key

ESE 2021 Prelims Paper 2 Civil Engineering Answer Keys will be uploaded by the commission on the official website after the final result. 

Posted by:

Vineet VijayVineet VijayMember since Apr 2016
Vineet is a Community Manager for GATE and various other Engineering exams at Gradeup. A Mechanical engineer by profession, Vineet has a keen interest in guiding the pursuing/graduated engineers for successful careers and believes in illuminating their path through solving their queries. Accompanying his role in Gradeup, he also aims to develop content beneficial for all possible exams for engineers. His email address is
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