According to the Constitution of India, Who is the Head of State Government?

By Esha Dhawan|Updated : June 23rd, 2022

While the Chief Minister is the key figure in a state government, it is the governor who is the head of the state as he/she appoints the CM in the first place. The President of India appoints the Governor for every state. It is the central government that is responsible for nominating the governor for each state. While the CM is the head of the state government or the real executive of the government, according to Article 164 of the constitution, the Governor appoints the CM.

Table of Content

Powers and Responsibilities of a Governor

Here are the powers and responsibilities of a governor who is the head of the state:

  • The Governor appoints the Chief Minister after every state legislative assembly election.
  • After discussing with the CM and taking their advice, the governor appoints the other ministers. 
  • When the president dissolves a state assembly, the governor takes charge of the state’s administration.
  • If a CM loses the majority in the legislative assembly, the governor appoints the next CM.

Qualification for a Governor

Are you wondering what are the qualifications required for the person who is the head of the state government? Well, we have that covered as well. Here are the qualifications that are required to be eligible for the post of a Governor:

  1. The person must be a citizen of India.
  2. The candidate must have completed 35 years of age.
  3. The candidate should not be a member of the parliament (MP) or the member of any legislative assembly (MLA).



Who is the Head of the State Government? 

The person who is the head of the state according to the Indian constitution is the governor as he/she is responsible for appointing the Chief Minister who is the real executive of the government. The Governor has many other responsibilities and powers and is appointed by the President of India for a term of five years.


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  • It is easy to get confused about who is the head of the state government but the correct answer to this question is the Governor. This is because it is the Governor who has the power to appoint the next Chief Minister, who is the executive head of the state government.

  • It is the Governor who is the head of the state government when the President of the country dissolves the state assembly. At that moment, the Governor takes charge of the administration of the state.

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