The difference in views.
British wanted Indians to pay a tax for the salt that they are extracting from the Indian oceans but Gandhi Ji had different views on this scenario and he was against this decision because according to him the Ocean is a natural resource and everyone has equal rights for the necessities.
Gandhi Ji decided to protest against the salt law and he organized a salt march in 1930. It was known as Salt Satyagrah or Dandi march. The 24-day march lasted from 12 March to 6 April 1930. It was a no-violent protest he marched 239 miles (382km) from Sabarmati Ashram to Dandi, which was called Navsari at that time (Now in the state of Gujrat)
The Salt Satyagraha campaign was based upon Gandhi's principles of non-violent protest called satyagraha, which he loosely translated as "truth-force. Literally, it is formed from the Sanskrit words satya, "truth", and agraha, "insistence". In early 1920 the Indian National Congress chose satyagraha as their main tactic for winning Indian sovereignty and self-rule from British rule and appointed Gandhi to organize the campaign. Gandhi chose the 1882 British Salt Act as the first target of satyagraha. The Salt March to Dandi, and the beating by the colonial police of hundreds of nonviolent protesters in Dharasana, which received worldwide news coverage, demonstrated the effective use of civil disobedience as a technique for fighting social and political injustice.
Why did gandhiji choose to break the salt law?
Gandhi Ji was a lawyer and social activist he saw that the British are implementing a salt tax on Indians that they are extracting from the ocean and it was a very difficult process still after all the hard work they have to pay taxes and sell the salt at lower prices. According to Gandhi Ji’s views, it was an injustice because he used to believe that the ocean is a natural resource and it belongs to everyone equally.
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