History of the Indian National Army
- Before the start of World War II, the major refugee countries for the exiled Indian Nationalists were Southeast Asia and Japan.
- At the start of World War II in Southeast Asia, there were 70,000 Indian soldiers stationed along the coast of Malaya.
- Many Indian troops were seized as prisoners of war when the Japanese army was successful in their battle along the coast of Malaya. After Singapore was overthrown, about 45,000 troops were taken captive.
- These prisoners of war gave rise to the first Indian National Army. This army was established under Mohan Singh's command, a British-Indian Army officer captured during the Malayan Campaign.
- There was an increase in volunteers who wished to join the INA due to the deplorable conditions in the PoW camps and the intense animosity for the British troops.
- Rash Behari Bose, an Indian Nationalist, was given general command of the army.
- The Japanese Imperial Army and those of Indian descent who lived in Southeast Asia enthusiastically backed the INA.
- But the INA was disbanded in 1942 due to disputes with the Japanese, particularly those involving Mohan Singh.
Who is the founder of the Indian National Army?
Imperial Japan and the Indian Nationalists founded the Indian National Army, also known as the Azad Hind Fauj, as an armed force in 1942. This army was established during World War II to support the Indian independence cause against British authority. This army was initially created in 1942 by Mohan Singh using the Indian POWs of the British Army that Japan had captured. Under the direction of Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose, the INA ultimately split apart and then reorganized.
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