Who is the founder of the Indian National Army?

By Harshal Vispute|Updated : July 7th, 2022

Under Mohan Singh, a British army commander, the Indian National Army (INA) was founded in 1942. During the Second World War, it was founded in South-East Asia with the help of the Japanese. When Japan joined the war with America, it attacked Pearl Harbour in Hawaii and quickly took over all of South-East Asia. Jaded by Fujiwara Iwai chi, Japan established its headquarters in Bangkok to supervise the Chinese and Indian Independence movements and to forge friendships with the Multans of Malaya. Thousands of Indian troops who had surrendered to Fujiwara Iwai chi were sent to Mohan Singh. This was the first action taken to establish the First INA.

The first INA split in December of that year when disputes erupted between its leadership and the Japanese military on its role in Japan's war in Asia. Subhas Chandra Bose's leadership was responsible for the army's revival in 1943. The Arzi Hukumat-e-Azad Hind (Free India Provisional Government) Army of Bose was proclaimed to be the army. Under Bose's guidance, the Indians residing in Malaya (now known as Malaysia) and Burma recruited ex-prisoners and hundreds of civilian volunteers for the INA. After the INA was first established in 1942, there was concern within the British-Indian Army that more Indian soldiers might desert. To keep Sepoy's allegiance, this resulted in a reporting restriction and a propaganda campaign named "Jiffs."

History of the Indian National Army

  • Before the start of World War II, the major refugee countries for the exiled Indian Nationalists were Southeast Asia and Japan.
  • At the start of World War II in Southeast Asia, there were 70,000 Indian soldiers stationed along the coast of Malaya.
  • Many Indian troops were seized as prisoners of war when the Japanese army was successful in their battle along the coast of Malaya. After Singapore was overthrown, about 45,000 troops were taken captive.
  • These prisoners of war gave rise to the first Indian National Army. This army was established under Mohan Singh's command, a British-Indian Army officer captured during the Malayan Campaign.
  • There was an increase in volunteers who wished to join the INA due to the deplorable conditions in the PoW camps and the intense animosity for the British troops.
  • Rash Behari Bose, an Indian Nationalist, was given general command of the army.
  • The Japanese Imperial Army and those of Indian descent who lived in Southeast Asia enthusiastically backed the INA.
  • But the INA was disbanded in 1942 due to disputes with the Japanese, particularly those involving Mohan Singh.

Summary:

Who is the founder of the Indian National Army?

Imperial Japan and the Indian Nationalists founded the Indian National Army, also known as the Azad Hind Fauj, as an armed force in 1942. This army was established during World War II to support the Indian independence cause against British authority. This army was initially created in 1942 by Mohan Singh using the Indian POWs of the British Army that Japan had captured. Under the direction of Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose, the INA ultimately split apart and then reorganized. 

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Who is the founder of the Indian National Army FAQ's

  • Captain-General Mohan Singh established the Indian National Army for the first time on February 17, 1942, in Singapore. However, because of tensions between Captain Singh and the Japanese, the Indian National Army was later abolished.

  • The Swatantra Sinani Smarak, which can be seen in the Salimgarh Fort in Delhi, next to the Red Fort, honors the INA. A few of its exhibits include Colonel Prem Sahgal's Indian National Army uniform, Colonel Gurbaksh Singh Dhillon's riding boots, and coat buttons, and portraits of Subhas Chandra Bose. Excavations conducted by the Archaeological Survey of India inside the fort in 1995 are showcased in a separate exhibition.

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