What are the Limitations of the Civil Disobedience Movement?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 9th, 2023

The limitations of the civil disobedience movement include the Hindu-Muslim divide, untouchables being overlooked, and clashing aspirations. The Civil Disobedience Movement was one of the most important movements aimed toward the independence of India. The movement began on 12 March 1930 with the salt march and had the aim of refusing to cooperate with the British Raj.

Limitations of the Civil Disobedience Movement

The focus of this movement was to obstruct the functioning of the British government by refusing to pay taxes and boycotting foreign goods and government institutions. The famous Salt Satyagraha is part of this movement.

The Civil Disobedience Movement was a massive success. However, the movement had several limitations that hindered its progress and success. Details on the limits are listed below:

  • Hindu-Muslim Partition: During the Civil Disobedience Movement, Hindu organizations dominated the Muslim ones. The lack of participation of Muslim political groups led to a split between minority and majority, creating a tense atmosphere that limited the movement’s success. There was also tension between Congress and the Muslims over the demand for special seats.
  • Limited Dalit Participation: The participation of Dalits was minimal, and their interests were also not given priority. The Congress focused more on the interests of the upper-class Hindus, which alienated a large section of the society from the movement.
  • Conflicting Aspirations: Different groups from different sections of Indian society participated in the movement. Hence they had different aspirations. These aspirations clashed, leading to discord and limiting the entire movement.

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