Where was the First International Earth Summit Held?

By Harshal Vispute|Updated : July 21st, 2022

On June 14, 1992, Rio de Janeiro hosted the first Earth Summit, also known as the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED). Nearly 172 governments took part, and 116 of them sent their heads of state or government. The Rio Summit, Rio Earth Summit, and United Nations Conference on Environment and Development are other names for it. It was held on the 20th anniversary of either the Stockholm Conference or the United Nations Conference on the Environment (1972).

There were more than 100 countries present, and significant declarations and agreements were reached.

The following legally binding agreements have been signed:

  • Climate Change Framework Agreement of the UN.
  • Biological Diversity Convention of the UN.

Additional non-binding agreements included the following:

  • The concepts of sustainable development were summed up in the Rio Declaration.
  • The nations are bound to use forests sustainably by the "forest principles," which serve as a guide.
  • A comprehensive action plan to be adopted for sustainable growth in the twenty-first century is Agenda 21.

Main objectives of the Summit

Here are the summit's main objectives:

  • To talk about the earth's changing climate on a global scale
  • It was agreed "not to carry out any operations that would degrade the environment or be culturally incorrect on indigenous peoples' territories."
  • The summit's agreement on the Climate Change Convention, which later gave rise to the Kyoto Protocol and the Paris Agreement, was a noteworthy milestone.

Summary:

Where was the First International Earth Summit Held?

The Rio de Janeiro Earth Summit, also known as the Rio Summit, Rio Meeting, and Earth Summit (Portuguese: ECO92), was a significant United Nations conference that took place in Rio de Janeiro (Brazil) from June 3 to June 14, 1992. 116 governments sent their heads of state or government out of the 172 participating. In addition to the 17,000 attendees at the concurrent NGO "Global Forum" (also known as Forum Global), who were granted Consultative Status, there were around 2,400 representatives of non-governmental organizations (NGOs) in attendance. The conclusion of the Climate Change Convention, which resulted in the Kyoto Protocol and the Paris Agreement, was a notable summit accomplishment. An additional commitment was made "not to carry out any activity on the territory of indigenous peoples that would degrade the environment or be culturally incorrect."

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Where was the First International Earth Summit Held FAQ's

  • The initial goal of Agenda 21 was to achieve global sustainable development by the year 2000; the "21" in the name refers to the intended year of the 21st century.

  • The Rio de Janeiro Earth Summit commonly referred to as the Rio Summit, the Rio Meeting, and the Earth Summit (Portuguese: ECO92), was a significant United Nations conference that took place in Rio de Janeiro from June 3 to June 14, 1992.

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