Who was Called the Bismarck of Italy?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 9th, 2023

Count Camilo de Cavour was called the Bismarck of Italy, the Chief Minister of the state of Sardinia-Piedmont. He was the leader of the Historical Right and Prime Minister of the Kingdom of Piedmont-Sardinia, a position he held during the Second Italian War of Independence and Giuseppe Garibaldi’s campaign for Italian unification. Camillo Paolo Filippo Giulio Benso, Leri, and Isolabella, known as Cavour, was an Italian businessman, politician, nobleman, and economist who was a key figure in Italy’s unification.

Bismarck of Italy

He experimented with various techniques on his estate, like growing sugar beets, and was the first landowner in Italy to use chemical fertilizers. He also founded the Piedmont Agricultural Society.

  • He was a terrible public speaker. In 1850, his knowledge of modern economics and European markets earned him the position of Minister of Agriculture, Commerce, and the Navy.
  • Cavour quickly took over Prime Minister Massimo d’Azeglio’s cabinet. Cavour dominated the chamber by combining the right and left centers.
  • He became Prime Minister of Italy after Viktor Emanuel II declared the Kingdom of Italy in 1861.
  • Cavour believed that Rome should remain the seat of a “free church in a free state,” retaining its independence while rejecting secular power.
  • He recognized that Venice had to be a part of Italy.
  • Cavour became the first Prime Minister of Italy after the proclamation of the United Kingdom of Italy.
  • He died three months later and did not see the resolution of the Roman question with the complete unification of the country in 1870 after the conquest of Rome.


Who was Called the Bismarck of Italy?

Count Camillo de Cavour, Chief Minister of Sardinia-Piedmont is known as Bismarck of Itlay. Bismarck represents a respected leader in national or international affairs. He led the effort to unite the Italian regions.

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