What was the Two-Fold Motive Behind the Systematic De-Industrialisation Affected by the British in Pre-Independent India?

By Mandeep Kumar|Updated : September 5th, 2022

The two-fold motive behind the systematic de-industrialisation affected by the British in pre-independent India was:

  • to reduce the status of India as a mere exporter of important raw materials for the upcoming modern industries in Britain.
  • to turn India into a sprawling market for the finished products of those industries.

What were the Effects of De-Industrialisation?

De-Industrialisation in India resulted in the decline of the indigenous handicraft industries. There was massive unemployment in India. The Indian consumer market was deprived of the supply of locally made goods. Consequently, the import of cheap manufactured goods from Britain increased. 

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  • The two-fold motive behind the systematic de-industrialisation affected by the British in pre-independent India is to reduce the status of India as a mere exporter of important raw materials and to turn India into a sprawling market for finished products.

  • De-industrialisation refers to the reduction in industrial-based activities by the British within the Indian economy from 1757 to 1947.

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