What is the Meaning of Administrative Tribunal?

By Aarna Tiwari|Updated : November 9th, 2022

The meaning of Administrative Tribunals refers to the quasi-judicial institutions that resolve disputes concerning public servant recruitment and service conditions. An Administrative Tribunal is neither solely judicial nor solely administrative, but rather a hybrid of the two.

Administrative Tribunal Meaning

Article 323A authorises Parliament to establish Administrative Tribunals to hear disputes and complaints about the recruitment and working conditions of government employees in the Central and State governments. Such tribunals must be established at the federal and state levels separately for each state or for two or more states.

  • In pursuance of the provisions in Article 323A, Parliament passed the Administrative Tribunal Act, 1985, providing for all the matters falling within clause(1) of Article 323-A.
  • According to this Act, every state must have a Central Administrative Tribunal (CAT) at the center and a State Administrative Tribunal (SAT) at the state level.
  • When compared to regular courts, they provide more flexibility. They are less expensive and provide quicker justice.
  • The Tribunals' procedure is the simplest and most straightforward.
  • They provide relief to the regular courts, which are already overburdened with various suits.

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FAQs on Meaning of Administrative Tribunal

  • An Administrative Tribunal is vested with the State's judicial power and thus performs quasi-judicial functions as opposed to purely administrative functions. The Administrative Tribunal is required to act judicially and in accordance with natural justice principles.

  • The following are the major types of administrative tribunals:

    • Customs and Excise Revenue Appellate Tribunal (CERAT)
    • Monopolies and Restrictive Trade Practices Commission (MRTPC)
    • Election Commission (EC)
    • Foreign Exchange Regulation Appellate Board (FERAB)
    • Income Tax Appellate Tribunal.
    • Railway Rates Tribunal.
    • Industrial Tribunal.

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