What are the Types of Administrative Tribunals?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 9th, 2023

The types of Administrative Tribunals are the Monopolies and Restrictive Trade Practices Commission (MRTPC), Foreign Exchange Regulation Appellate Board (FERAB), Customs and Excise Revenue Appellate Tribunal (CERAT), Election Commission, Income Tax Appellate Tribunal, Railway Rates Tribunal, and Industrial Tribunal. The administrative tribunals are handled by the rules and principles of the State and Central Governments.

Types of Administrative Tribunals in India

Administrative tribunals are classified into several types. These are primarily authorities outside of the regular court system that analyzes and apply laws in legal cases brought before courts after acts of public administration are challenged.

State Administrative Tribunals and Central Administrative Tribunals are the two types of tribunals. The following are some other types of tribunals.

  • MRTPC or Monopolies and Restrictive Trade Practices Commission
  • FERAB or Foreign Exchange Regulation Appellate Board
  • Income Tax Appellate Tribunal
  • CERAT or Customs and Excise Revenue Appellate Tribunal
  • Railway Rates Tribunal
  • Industrial Tribunal
  • Election Commission (EC)

Functions of Administrative Tribunals

In procedural concerns, an administrative tribunal contains the authorities of a court to call witnesses, assist with oaths, push the presentation of papers, etc. These tribunals get bound to accept the principle of natural justice.

  • An administrative tribunal is critical in authenticating official Governmental acts that are in accordance with the rule.
  • Tribunals are authorities with executive or judicial functions that exist outside of the courts’ hierarchy.
  • Administrative Tribunals have certain characteristics that give them advantages over courts, such as affordability, accessibility, travel, and expert knowledge of their respective subject.

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