What is the Classification of Manufacturing Industries?

By Aarna Tiwari|Updated : July 11th, 2022

The Manufacturing Industries, on the basis of their classification, are divided into four branches, depending on- the usage of products, ownership, nature of the manufactured products and the raw materials used. The economic strength of a country is measured by the development of its manufacturing industries.

Types of Classification of Manufacturing Industries

Manufacturing Industries transform goods, raw materials or substances into new useful products. They have plants, mills or factories that produce goods for public consumption. The transformational process in the manufacturing industries can be physical, chemical or mechanical. They are the essence of the secondary sector of the economy.

The classification of the Manufacturing Industries are as follows:

Classifications

Industries Associated

Usage of Products

  • Basic goods industries
  • Consumer goods industries
  • Intermediate goods industries
  • Capital goods industries

Ownership

  • Public sector
  • Private sector
  • Joint and cooperative sector

Nature of Manufactured Products

  • Textile Industries
  • Metallurgical Industries
  • Chemical and Allied Industries
  • Electricity Generation
  • Electronics and Communication Industries.
  • Food Processing Industries
  • Mechanical Engineering Industries

Raw Materials Used

  • Agriculture-based industries
  • Mineral-based industries
  • Industrially processed raw material-based industries.
  • Forest-based industries

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FAQs

  • The 4 major Classification of Manufacturing Industries are on the basis of:

    • Ownership
    • Raw Materials Used
    • Usage of Products
    • Nature of Manufactured Products
  • The industries are classified according to the three-sector theory, which divides the major sectors into three:

    • Primary Sector- Includes the extraction and agriculture industries
    • Secondary Sector- Includes the manufacturing industries 
    • Tertiary Sector- Includes the service-based industries.

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