Natural vegetation refers to plants that grow independently without any assistance from mankind.
Natural vegetation differs depending on precipitation, soil, climate, and topography. Cultivated crops and fruits, as well as orchards, are examples of vegetation but not natural vegetation. While natural vegetation grows on its own, crops, fruits and vegetables are cultivated by humans and are known as vegetation. Keep reading to learn about the different kinds of natural vegetation found in India.
Types of Natural Vegetation
The natural vegetation in India is mainly found in rain-shadow areas of the Western Ghats and the areas with an annual rainfall of 50 to 100 cm involving Haryana, South Punjab, Northern Gujarat, Western Madhya Pradesh, Eastern Rajasthan, and Western Uttar Pradesh. It is divided into the following types:
- Tidal or Mangrove Forests – Palm, agar, and coconut are cultivated in a few areas of these forests.
- Tropical Evergreen Rain Forests – Species of rainforests include creepers, trees, and shrubs.
- Monsoon Type of Forests – Species of Monsoon types of forests include Teak, Bamboo, Shrubs, and Sal.
- Dry Deciduous Forests – These forest species include Sal, Peepal, and Neem.
- Mountain Forests – These forests include trees like Fir, Pine, and Oak.
What is Natural Vegetation?
Natural vegetation refers to plant species that are grown without the interference of humankind. Some examples of natural vegetation include Tropical rainforests, mountain forests, Monsoon types of forests, Sandalwood, Kusum, Bamboo, Shisham and more. Some natural vegetation is also commercially important.