What is Article 79 in the Constitution of India 1949?

By Aarna Tiwari|Updated : July 18th, 2022

Article 79 of the Indian Constitution states that ‘There shall be a Parliament for the Union which shall consist of the President and two Houses to be known respectively as the Council of States and the House of the People’. The Parliament is the Union Government's legislative organ and the supreme legislative body of India.

Article 79 of the Indian Constitution

The Constitution of India, under Article 79, states that there shall be a Parliament for the Union, which shall consist of the President and two Houses to be known respectively as the Council of States (Rajya Sabha) and the House of the People (Lok Sabha). The Parliament majorly holds three sessions in a year, namely:

  • Budget Session (February-May)
  • Monsoon Session (July-August)
  • Winter Session (November-December)

Under Article 79 of the Constitution, the three important aspects are:

  • The President: He/she is an integral part of the Parliament and the highest formal authority of the country. He/she is the Head of the State. The President is not a member of either House of Parliament, nor does he/she sit in the Parliament to attend its meetings.
  • Rajya Sabha: Known as the Council of States, the Rajya Sabha represents India's states and union territories in the Parliament. It is the permanent House of the Parliament with a maximum strength of 250 members.
  • Lok Sabha: Known as the House of the People, the Lok Sabha represents the people of India as a whole. The maximum strength of the Lok Sabha is fixed at 550.

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FAQs on What is Article 79?

  • As per Article 79 of the Constitution of India, the council of the Parliament of the Union consists of the President, and two Houses are known as the Council of States (Rajya Sabha) and the House of the People (Lok Sabha). The constitutional head of the Executive of the Union is the President.

  • Article 79 can be found under Chapter II (Parliament) of Part V (Union) in the Constitution of India. 

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