What is an arid landform?

By Ritesh|Updated : September 4th, 2022

An area is said to be arid when it has a severe shortage of available water, to the extent that it inhibits the growth and development of plant and animal life. Landforms in the arid region are mostly created by winds and also developed by water.

There are three processes involved in the creation of arid landforms by air. They are

  • Deflation - Remove, lift, and transport sands and dust particles away by winds, which causes depression, known as blowouts.
  • Abrasion - Process of wearing away the wall of rocks by the sand and dust-loaded winds.
  • Attrition - Process of erosion that occurs during rock collision and transportation.

Classification of Arid landforms

  • Water eroded Arid Landforms – Gully, Rill, Badland Topography, Ravine, Bolsons, Pediments, Playas, Bajada, etc..
  • Wind Eroded Arid Landforms – Mushroom rocks, Deflation basins, Inselbergs, Demoiselles, Zeugen, Demoiselles, Wind bridges, and windows.
  • Depositional Arid Landforms – Ripple Marks, Longitudinal dunes, Transverse dunes, Parabolic dunes, Barchans, Star dunes, and Loess.
  • Dry areas are characterized by minimal rainfall.

The great challenges of living in arid regions worldwide are the scarcity of water, limited resources, and the persistent uncertainty of the desert climate.

Summary:

What is an arid landform?

An arid area is where there is a water shortage available, to the extent that it inhibits animal and plant life development and growth. In the arid region, landforms are mostly created by winds and water.

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