What are the Different Types of Protected Areas?

By Shivank Goel|Updated : August 25th, 2022

The different types of 'Protected Areas' under the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972 provisions are National Parks, Wildlife Sanctuaries, Conservation Reserves, and Community Reserves. India also possesses the Biosphere Reserves and the Tiger Reserves.

'Protected Area' also includes Marine Protected Areas (MPAs), which include some of the ocean area, and Transboundary Protected Areas that overlap with a number of other countries that remove the borders inside for the purpose of conservation and economic development.

What is a Protected Area?

A Protected Area, as the title suggests, is supposed to be a secured area where exploitation of resources or human activities is mostly restricted or limited. According to the widely accepted definition of a Protected Area given by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN):

'A protected area is a clearly defined geographical space, recognized, dedicated and managed through legal or other effective means, to achieve the long term conservation of nature with associated ecosystem services and cultural values.' (IUCN Definition of 2008).

As per the latest data from the National Wildlife Database Cell of the Wildlife Institute of India (WII), India has a network of 990 Protected Areas, including 106 National Parks and 565 Wildlife Sanctuaries, 100 Conservation Reserves, and 219 Community Reserves.

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FAQs

  • India has four types of Protected Areas which are National Parks, Wildlife Sanctuaries, Conservation Reserves, and Community Reserves.

  • India has a total number of 990 Protected Areas currently.

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