Why did the Chola Empire Fall?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 9th, 2023

The Chola empire fell due to bitter internal protests among the Pandyas that eventually led to the decline of the Chola dynasty. The Pandyan Dynasty overthrew the Chola dynasty, putting an end to it. The Cholas and the Pandyas were sworn enemies from the beginning. However, the demise of the Chola dynasty could not be attributed to a single cause; rather, a tragic series of occurrences brought about the collapse of the Chola empire.

End of Chola Dynasty

The Cholas were initially defeated by the Pandyas in 1217, which gradually led to the constant decline of the Chola Dynasty till their final defeat in 1279. The last of the Chola kings were Rajendra Chola III, who faced defeat at the hands of the Pandya King Maravarman Kulasekara Pandyan I. There were several tragic occurrences that led to the decline of the mighty Chola Empire.

Know more about the many reasons behind the fall of the Chola Empire, such as:

  • Corruption
  • Lack of resources
  • Internal disputes
  • Infiltration and dishonesty within the armed forces

Who defeated Cholas?

One of the longest-reigning dynasties in history was the Chola, a Tamil thalassocratic empire in southern India. The earliest datable references to the Chola come from inscriptions that date to Ashoka’s rule over the Maurya Empire in the third century BCE.

Ancient Tamil literature from the Sangam Period, oral traditions, religious writings, temple and copperplate inscriptions, and ancient religious texts are the main sources of information about the early Cholas. A lengthy and ancient lineage was also claimed by later medieval Cholas.

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