What are the Basic Principles of Democracy?

By Shivank Goel|Updated : September 5th, 2022

People from all across the world have defined the fundamental values required for a democratic government. In a democratic society, these ideals frequently find their way into the constitution or bill of rights. Even though no two democracies are precisely comparable, citizens of all democracies share several fundamental values and expectations for their government. In this post, we will discuss the basic principles of democracy.

Basic Principles of Democracy

A government of, by, and for the people is a democracy. In general, democracy refers to a system in which the people choose their leaders. A fundamental tenet of democracy is political equality. The basic principles of democracy are as follows:

  • Citizen Participation - Participation of the populace in politics is one of the most fundamental indicators of democracy. The primary function of citizens in a democracy is participation.
  • Equality - Democratic cultures place a strong emphasis on the idea of equality for all. To be considered equal, a person must be regarded equally, have equal access to opportunities, and be free from prejudice based on color, religion, ethnicity, gender, or sexual orientation.
  • Political Tolerance - Political tolerance is a feature of a democratic society. This means that even if a democracy is a form of majority rule, the rights of the minority must still be upheld.
  • Accountability - Both elected and appointed officials must answer to the people in a democracy. They bear accountability for their deeds.
  • Transparency - The populace must be informed about what is happening in the nation for the government to be held accountable. This is what is meant by government transparency. A transparent government invites citizens to attend public meetings.

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  • Every person is valued in a democratic society. Human rights encompass freedoms of speech, association, and assembly, as well as the rights to equality and education.

  • History has repeatedly demonstrated that when one individual or group has unrestricted power, it typically results in the suppression of or restriction of the power of others. In a democracy, the separation of powers is intended to stop the abuse of authority and protect everyone's right to freedom.

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