Write a Note on Frankfurt Parliament

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 9th, 2023

The Frankfurt Parliament was formed on 18 May 1848. Several political associations came together in Germany to vote for an all-German National Assembly. It was the first freely elected parliament for the whole of Germany, including the German-populated areas of Austria-Hungary. The session was held in Frankfurt Main’s Paulskirche from May 1848 to May 1849. Under the newly appointed assembly, the German nation would be headed by the monarchy, subject to the Parliament and as per the Constitution.

What is Frankfurt Parliament?

When the office of the emperor was offered to Frederick William IV of Prussia, he refused because such a constitution and an offer were an infringement on the rights of the princes of the individual German states. However, major elements of the Frankfurt constitution became models for the Weimar Constitution of 1919 and the Basic Law of the Federal Republic of Germany of 1949 in the twentieth century.

A total of 831 elected representatives marched into a procession to take their places in the Frankfurt Parliament convened in the church of St. Paul.

Facts about Frankfurt Parliament

The other key points related to the Frankfurt Parliament are:

  • A constitution was drafted to be headed by a monarchy subject to a parliament.
  • The middle class dominated the parliament and resisted the demands of the artisans and workers.
  • It resulted in the loss of their support.
  • When the Parliament was convened, women were observers only to stand in the visitor’s gallery.
  • In the end, the assembly was disbanded by the troops.

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