Write a Newspaper Report on: The Simon Commission

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 9th, 2023

According to a newspaper report on the Simon Commission, the British government appointed the commission in 1927 under the head of John Simon. The panel was formed to examine the operation of the Government of India Act 1919. The Simon Commission was actually the Indian Statutory Commission, which was made up of seven British Members of Parliament, including the Chairman.

The Simon Commission Newspaper Report

The British government sent the commission to England to decide India’s political future. In the commission, there was no Indian representative. This evoked a sense of anger among the Indians.

  • In October 1929, Lord Irwin informed a Round Table Conference to discuss the future of the Constitution and created an initial proposal of Dominion Status to India.
  • A nationwide bandh was observed.
  • It was met with demonstrations with banners saying “Simon Go Back”.
  • Mass rallies were held.
  • Lala Lajpat Rai was severely injured in the incident of the lathi charge.

The British government established the Simon Commission in November 1927, two years ahead of schedule, to assess India’s progress toward enacting constitutional reforms.

  • Many Indians fiercely opposed the Commission.
  • Nehru, Gandhi, Jinnah, the Muslim League, and the Indian National Congress opposed it because it had seven British Parliamentarians but no Indians.
  • Dr. B. R. Ambedkar, Periyar E. V. Ramasamy, and Chaudhary Chhotu Ram, however, backed it.
  • The Diarchical system of government was established for British India’s provinces by the Government of India Act 1919.
  • The Government of India Act 1919 provided that a commission would be constituted after ten years to look into developing the governance plan.
  • It proposed fresh reforms in response to the outcry from Indian opinion for a review of this type of government.

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