Why is Turkmenistan not a member of SCO?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 9th, 2023

Turkmenistan is not a member of SCO because, in 1995, Turkmenistan formally proclaimed its “Permanent Neutrality” to the UN, which acknowledged it and passed a special resolution in response. It won’t join multilateral defense organizations, including the Shanghai Cooperation Organization.

Reasons Why Turkmenistan is not in SCO?

The Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO), an international organization, was founded in Shanghai on June 15, 2001. The SCO now has eight member countries (China, Kazakhstan, India, Russia, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Pakistan, and Uzbekistan), including four observer countries (Afghanistan, Iran, Belarus, and Mongolia) which are interested in joining the organization permanently.

  • It has six “dialogue partners” (Armenia, Cambodia, Azerbaijan, Sri Lanka, Nepal, and Turkey).
  • The decision was made to start the process of Iran becoming a full member of the SCO in 2021, and Egypt, Qatar, and Saudi Arabia were invited to take part in the negotiations.
  • The UNRCCA and Department for Political and Peacebuilding Affairs (DPPA) keep in regular contact with SCO representatives (United Nations Center for Preventive Diplomacy for Central Asia).
  • Regional security trends, as well as crucial challenges of preventing terrorism and violent extremism, are heavily emphasized in partnership efforts.
  • The SCO has mostly concentrated on regional security issues and its struggle against regional terrorism, ethnic separatism, and religious extremism since its formation in 2001. Another one of the SCO’s major priorities is regional development.


Why is Turkmenistan not a member of SCO?

Turkmenistan publicly proclaimed “Permanent Neutrality” in the UN in 1995, which is why it is not a member of the SCO. When it was acknowledged, the UN responded by passing a special resolution. It won’t join any multinational defense organizations as a result, including the Shanghai Cooperation Organization.

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