Who is the Founder of the Maratha Empire?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 14th, 2023

The Founder of the Maratha Empire was Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj. He was a Maratha aristocrat who rose to power after leading the resistance against the Mughal rule of Adil Shah’s dynasty in particular. He established Hindu rule under the Mughals and quickly surpassed them.

Founder of the Maratha Empire

The Maratha Empire was a great empire that bloomed in the 17th century under the dynamic leadership of Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj. The Maratha Confederacy came to dominate much of the Indian subcontinent under his guidance and became one of the most successful dynasties to have existed.

When Shivaji Maharaj was crowned as the Chhatrapati in the year 1674, the Marathas officially came into existence. The English translation of the word ‘Chhatrapati’ is “Keeper of the Umbrella.” The Marathas, a warrior tribe, founded “Hindavi Swarajya” (Hindu self-rule).

  • They were from the Deccan Plateau and spoke Marathi (spoken in current Maharashtra).
  • Raigad was the Maratha Empire’s capital.
  • Shivaji Maharaj rose to prominence as he broadened and elevated the empire to previously unheard-of levels.
  • In addition, he is renowned for creating the Maratha Navy, a feared elite force.
  • He had an impressively organized administration and was progressive and civil.
  • He is in charge of reviving Hindu customs and introducing Marathi and Sanskrit into the courtroom.

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