Write a Note on Administration in the Chola Kingdom

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 14th, 2023

The Administration in the Chola Kingdom was responsible for uniting the entire South Indian subcontinent for the first time. The Chola Empire began to spread in the mid-9th century and lasted till the 13th century. The Chola government was known for being well-organized and effective in terms of its administration.

Administration in the Chola Kingdom

In the Chola Kingdom, there were three prominent administrative units, which included the central, provincial, and local governments. While the administration was overall headed by the king himself, the ground-level administration was looked after by the Gram Sabhas.

More information about the administration in the Chola kingdom is given in the points below:

  • The Chola Kingdom had three main administrative divisions: the central government, the provincial government, and the local government.
  • The King oversaw all aspects of Chola Kingdom governance.
  • Nine “mandalams,” or provinces, made up the empire.
  • A viceroy served as the head of each mandalam and carried out the king’s directives.
  • Land revenue served as the Chola government’s primary source of income.
  • Taxes were collected on one-sixth of the entire amount of land produced.
  • The Chola monarchy also made money from taxes and tolls on ports, forests, and mining.
  • The ‘nadus,’ a division of a mandalam, were the most significant administrative units.
  • The head of the nadus was called ‘Nattar’, and the council of nadus was called ‘nattavai’.
  • The ground-level administration was looked after by Gram Sabhas.
  • The Gram Sabhas were responsible for maintaining the roads, tanks, temples, and public ponds.

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