Who was the First Indian Woman to win the Nobel Prize?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 9th, 2023

Mother Teresa was the first Indian woman to receive the Nobel Peace Prize. She got the Nobel prize for her charity work and helping the destitute return to life. She left her teaching job at a Roman Catholic girls’ school in Calcutta to help the poorest of the poor in the slums of that Calcutta city. She was the founder of Missionaries of Charity.

First Woman to Win Nobel Prize in India

Worldwide recognition and praise for Mother Teresa’s work have led to her receiving numerous honors and accolades, including the Pope John XXIII Peace Prize (1971) and the Nehru Prize for advancing world peace and understanding (1972). She also got the Templeton and Magsaysay awards and the Balzan Prize in 1979.

Important Information about the first Indian woman to get the Nobel Prize is provided below. It is beneficial to know all the relevant information about Mother Teresa.

  • Mother Teresa was born on August 26, 1910, in Skopje, North Macedonia.
  • Her original name is Agnes Gonxha Bojaxhiu.
  • She reached India in 1929 and settled in Darjeeling.
  • She left her teaching job to serve the poorest people in the slums of Calcutta city.
  • She founded Missionaries of Charity in 1950.
  • Missionaries of Charity have branches in 133 countries.
  • Mother Teresa was the only Indian female awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1979.
  • She was called the “mother of the poor.”
  • She was awarded the Bharat Ratna in 1980.
  • Mother Teresa got the Ramon Magsaysay Award for international understanding and peace in 1962.
  • Naveen Chawla wrote Mother Teresa’s official biography in 1992.
  • Mother Teresa died on 5 September 1997 in Kolkata.


Who was the First Indian Woman to win the Nobel Prize?

The first and only Indian woman who won the Nobel Prize for Peace was Mother Teresa. Her charity work through the missionaries of charity gained recognition throughout the world. After her death, She was canonized as Saint Teresa of Kolkata.

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