Who Started the Faraizi Movement?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 9th, 2023

The Faraizi Movement was started by Haji Shariatullah in 1819. The movement urged Bengali Muslims to abandon unIslamic practices and fulfill their religious obligations. The Faraizi movement received a resoundingly positive response in the districts of Dhaka, Faridpur, Barisal, Mymensingh, and Comilla. His movement was the target of a mostly successful slander campaign launched by British and local landowners.

Founder of the Faraizi Movement

Haji Shariatullah founded the Faraizi Movement in 1818. The movement seeks to purify the faith by removing all teachings and practices that contradict Islamic principles. The movement’s primary concern was social inequality, especially when British rule had a significant impact on Muslims’ lives.

  • A 19th-century Islamist revivalist movement was the Faraizi movement.
  • It was established in 1818 with the intention of disseminating Shariatullah’s recent discoveries concerning Islam and adhering to the Fard.
  • Haji Shariatullah’s son Ahmad Dudu Miyan took over as movement leader after his father’s passing.
  • His supporters violated the indigo planters’ orders and refused to pay taxes in 1938 under his direction.
  • Bahadurpur was home to the headquarters of Dudu Miyan.
  • By unifying them against zamindars and indigo planters, he sparked a new awareness among the peasants.

Faraizi Movement

The term Fairazi is derived from the Urdu word Farz, which basically means duties that are mandated by Allah or God. Hence, the movement focused on educating people on the moral responsibilities that are ordered by Allah. It gained prominence during the British Raj as leaders like Shariatullah believed that Islam had been degraded under British rule. Hence, he wanted to bring fundamental changes through the campaign.

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