Who said Dams are Temples of Modern India?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 14th, 2023

Jawaharlal Nehru once said that Dams are the Temples of Modern India. He gave much importance to dams because they could play a major role in integrating agricultural development and the rural economy with the fast growth of the urban economy. One of the biggest gravity dams in the world is the Bhakra Nangal Dam, located in Himachal Pradesh on the River Sutlej.

Who Proclaimed Dams as the Temples of Modern India?

As mentioned above, Jawaharlal Nehru announced that dams are the temples of modern India. He believed that agriculture is an integral part of India’s economy, and thus the rural areas (the hub of agriculture) need to be well-connected with urban India. And the dams could play the role of uniting or merging agricultural development with the fast-paced industrialization and growth of the urban economy.

  • When beginning work on the Bhakra Nangal Dam, India’s first Prime Minister Jawahar Lal Nehru used the term “temples of modern India” to describe the scientific research facilities, steel mills, and power plants that were being built in India after independence to spur economic and scientific development.
  • These initiatives were a part of his plan to build a modern India that combined heavy industries with academic research facilities.
  • He established the majority of PSUs and academic institutions like the IITs as part of his vision for modern India.

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