Who Annulled the Partition of Bengal in 1911?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 9th, 2023

The Partition of Bengal was annulled by Lard Hardinge in 1911. It was carried out in response to the Swadeshi movement’s protests against the policy. The division of Bengal was the most significant development during Lord Curzon’s reign, and it was done for administrative convenience. The divide inspired the Muslim community to form a national organization along racial lines.

The Annulment of Partition of Bengal (1905-1911)

Bengal, which at the time had an area of 1,89,000 square miles and a population of 80 million, was India’s largest province. It included Bengal, Behar, and Orissa and was governed centrally by one lieutenant governor. Following Lord Curzon’s appointment as Governor General of India, the following issues sparked discussion regarding the Partition.

Province’s size

  • With an area of 1,890,000 square miles and a population of 80 million, the province was too big to be handled by a single lieutenant governor.
  • Due to the province’s size, he was unable to make a tour of it during his first term.

Limited Communication

  • Because of the rivers and forests, there were few opportunities for communication in the provinces.
  • The provinces also had the worst conditions for law and order because of limited police and ineffective management.
  • As a result, many people felt that the province needed to be divided.

Language Distinction

The residents of West Bengal and East Bengal had different languages and civilizations.


Who Annulled the Partition of Bengal in 1911?

In 1911, Lard Hardinge annulled the Partition of Bengal, and the Swadeshi movement was carried out to protest against the policy. During Lord Curzon’s rule, the Partition of Bengal was the most important development.

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