Which Type of Vegetation is Most spread in India?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 9th, 2023

Tropical deciduous vegetation is most widespread in India. They are monsoon forests, covering areas receiving rainfall between 70–200 cm. On the basis of water availability, these forests are further divided into dry and moist deciduous forests. Natural vegetation is a treasure of nature, and they grow naturally following climate change.

Most Spread Vegetation in India

Deciduous vegetation is the most widespread in India. Based on the soil, precipitation, topography, and climate, different vegetation types naturally occur. Look at the six different plant species found in India.

Tropical Evergreen Rain Forests:

  • These forests can be found in areas with more than 200 cm of annual precipitation.
  • They can be found primarily in the Terai regions of the Himalayas, the Western Ghats, Assam, Northeastern Meghalaya, Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, and the Andaman Islands.

Deciduous or Monsoon Type of Forests:

  • The Himalayas, the lower slope of West Bengal, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Karnataka, Orissa, Jharkhand, Maharashtra, and the surrounding regions are all home to these forests.
  • In this area, there has been 100–200 cm of precipitation.
  • Teak is the predominant species in this region.

Dry Deciduous Forests:

  • These forests grow in places where the precipitation is between 50-100 cm.
  • These are seen in Punjab, the Central Deccan Plateau, Haryana, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, and southeast Rajasthan.

Mountain Forests:

  • These are those that can be found in mountains, and they vary greatly along the mountainside.
  • Evergreen trees like teak, sal, and bamboo flourish in the Himalayan foothills, which reach heights of up to 1500 meters.

Read: Types of Natural Vegetation of India

Tidal or Mangrove Forests:

  • These forests grow by the coast side and on the deltas, e.g., the edges of the Krishna, Cauvery, Godavari, Mahanadi, and Ganga.
  • In West Bengal, these forests are called ‘Sundarbans’.
  • The major tree in these forests is ‘Sundari’.

Semi-Desert and Desert Vegetations:

  • This area gets less than 50 cm of rainfall. Acacia, Thorny bushes, and Babul are found in these forests.
  • The Indian wild date is found here generally.
  • They have thick flesh and long roots.


Which type of vegetation is most spread in India?

In India, the most common vegetation type is the tropical deciduous forest. They are known as monsoon forests because they experience rainfall of 70 to 200 cm. During the dry summer, trees in these types of forests lose their leaves for roughly six to eight weeks.

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