Which Rivers Flow Through Rift Valleys in India?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 9th, 2023

There are three rivers that flow through rift valleys in India, these are Tapi, Narmada, and Damodar. Rift Valleys can be defined as low-land areas that are formed by the movement of Earth’s tectonic plates. It can be found on land and at sea level. They are caused by the movement of tectonic plates on land, while those on the ocean floor are a product of the spreading of the ocean floor.

Rivers that Flow through Rift Valleys in India

The two major rivers flowing through the rift valleys are the Tapi and the Narmada. Damodar River is another river that flows through the rift valley.


  • The Tapi River is a significant one in the west of the nation.
  • It has an origin in Multai, a town in Madhya Pradesh’s Betul district, and is 724 km long, draining a region of 65,145 km2.
  • While the majority of its basin (79%) is located in the state of Maharashtra, only 6% of Tapi’s basin is in Gujarat.


  • The western flank of the Amarkantak Plateau, at a height of approximately 1057 meters above sea level, is where the Narmada River originates.
  • It travels through the valley created by the rift between Satpura and the Vindhyan range.
  • After flowing for roughly 1312 km, it merges with the Arabian Sea to form a 27 km long estuary.
  • On this river is where the Sardar Sarovar Project is located.


  • The Chota Nagpur Plateau is the source of the down warping that created the rift valley through which the Damodar River flows.
  • The river enters the states of West Bengal and Jharkhand.
  • It enters Hoogly, a tributary of the Ganga, and is frequently referred to as the “Sorrow of Bengal.”

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