Which is the Longest River in the World?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 14th, 2023

The Longest River in the World is the River Nile which flows through several countries in the continent of Africa. The river originates in Lake Victoria, which borders Tanzania, Kenya, and Uganda. Lake Victoria is Africa’s largest lake and the world’s second-largest freshwater lake. The Nile and the Amazon rivers in South America are the world’s two longest rivers.

Longest River in the World

The Nile is the world’s longest river, flowing through the African countries of Sudan and Egypt. The Nile flows into the Mediterranean, while the Amazon flows into the South Atlantic. The Nile’s drainage basin is vast, encompassing eleven countries: the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Burundi, Tanzania, Rwanda, Kenya, Uganda, Ethiopia, Eritrea, South Sudan, the Republic of Sudan, and Egypt.

  • The Nile acts as the primary water source for Egypt, Sudan, and South Sudan. It has great economic value as it supports the agriculture and fishing industries.
  • The White Nile and the Blue Nile are the two major tributaries of the river.
  • The White Nile is considered to be the headwater’s stream.
  • The White Nile begins at Lake Victoria to flow through Uganda and South Sudan.
  • The Blue Nile originates at Lake Tana in Ethiopia to flow into Sudan from the southeast.
  • The Sudanese capital of Khartoum becomes the point of their intersection.

Identifying the length of a river is no easy task, and the answer is only given in approximate values. However, there are two key factors that must be considered – the source and the location of the mouth of the river.

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