What was the Two-Fold Motive Behind the Systematic De-Industrialisation Affected by the British in Pre-Independent India?

By Balaji

Updated on: February 17th, 2023

The systematic de-industrialization effected by the British in independent India had a two-fold motive that was reducing India’s position as an exporter of important raw materials for modern industries coming to Britain and turning India into a huge market for the finished products of those industries.

Table of content

  • 1. Two-Fold Motive Behind the Systematic De-Industrialisation (more)

Two-Fold Motive Behind the Systematic De-Industrialisation

The process of economic and social change which is caused by removing and reducing the industrial capacity or activity in a country or region is called De-industrialization. It is done especially in the manufacturing industry or heavy industry. De-Industrialisation in India resulted in the decline of the indigenous handicraft industries. There was massive unemployment in India.

  • The Indian consumer market was deprived of the supply of locally-made goods. Consequently, the import of cheap manufactured goods from Britain increased.
  • The collapse of labour-intensive industries and the migration of jobs away from cities is described as a de-industrialization crisis.
  • Many countries use this term to describe the poor conditions of the industries and its example is labour-intensive manufacturing.

In the 1980s and 1990s, they established free-trade agreements with less developed countries.

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