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What is the National Fish of India?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: September 13th, 2023

The national fish or aquatic animal of India is the Ganges River Dolphin which is also called ‘Susu’. The Ganges River Dolphin has been named the nation’s official aquatic animal, according to the Ministry of Environment and Forests. The Ganges, Brahmaputra, Meghna, and Karnaphuli rivers in Nepal, India, and Bangladesh are home to the river dolphin.

National Fish of India

The reason the Ganges River Dolphin was declared the national fish of India or the national aquatic animal in 2009 was to save it from extinction. It is also seen as an indicator of the health of the river Ganga. A species of toothed whale included in the family Platanistidae is the Ganges river dolphin. It is found in South Asian rivers like the Ganges and others in Bangladesh, India, and Nepal.

  • The Ganges river dolphin was officially identified in 1801.
  • The Ganges-Brahmaputra-Meghna and Karnaphuli-Sangu river systems in Nepal, India, and Bangladesh once supported populations of Ganges river dolphins.
  • However, most of the early distribution ranges of the species are now extinct.

Summary:

What is the National Fish of India?

The Ministry of Environment and Forests designated the Ganges River Dolphin as the National Aquatic Animal on 18 May 2010. The River Dolphin lives in the Ganges-Brahmaputra-Meghna and Karnaphuli-Sangu river systems of Nepal, India, and Bangladesh.

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