What is the Arab Conquest of Sindh?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 14th, 2023

The Arab conquest of Sindh was an Umayyad military campaign led by General Muhammad bin Qasim in 712 AD. As a result of these campaigns, Sindh was completely dominated by the Arabs. The Umayyad campaigns were one of the first examples of the Mughal invasion of India. General Mohammed bin Qasim, an Arab military commander, was in the service of the Umayyad Caliphate. He led the Arab conquest of Sindh, now part of modern Pakistan. This marked the opening of the Umayyad campaigns in India.

Arab Conquest of Sindh

Muhammad ibn al-Qasim belonged to the Banu Thakif tribe of Arabia, mainly based in the city of Ta’if in the west of Arabia. He was appointed as the governor of Persia after the successful conquest of Persia. And soon, Qasim led the Umayyad campaigns to conquer Sindh in 708 AD. This invasion continued till 711 AD.

Facts About Arab Conquest of Sindh

  • He was a skilled general, great at war strategies.
  • His military intelligence led to great feats of war.
  • He was the first to head the Islamic establishment over India, particularly the Sindh province.
  • He was able to take over the region from Raja Dahir, a ruler of the Sindhi Brahmin dynasty.
  • Muhammad ibn al-Qasim, by the capture of the then capital of Aror by Arab forces, became the first Muslim to occupy Hindu lands successfully.
  • He was able to establish Islamic rule over the entire region and served as the governor of Sindh from AD 712 until he died in AD 715.
  • This marked the beginning of Islamic rule in India.

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