What are the Main Features of the Jagirdari System?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 9th, 2023

The Main Features of the Jagirdari System are that Jagir’s confrontation can be conditional or unconditional, that the taxes collected by the Jagir are used to pay salaries, etc. The Jagirdari System was a land tenancy and feudal system that was introduced in India under the Delhi Sultanate in the early 13th century.

Main Features of the Jagirdari System

The Jagirdari system was a feudal land tenancy system that revolved primarily around the Jagir, the allotted lands, and the Jagirdar, the state’s appointee in charge of tax collection. The Jagirdari system has three main features. These were as follows:

  • The Jagir’s bestowal could be unconditional or conditional.
  • The Mughal times observed the salary of the Jagir being paid from the taxes he collected while the rest of the amount went to the treasury.
  • The Jagir functioned as a ‘feudal life estate’ as upon his death, the grant was reverted to the state.

What is Jagirdari System?

The Jagirdari system kept the foundation stone for the other forms of feudal systems that would continue in India till it got its freedom from the colonial rule of the British crown.

  • The Jagirdari system, in essence, endured until the Mughal Empire, with slight adjustments in tax collection tactics.
  • Following the fall of the Mughal Empire, the Marathas, Rajputs, and Sikhs continued to use the jagir taxation system.
  • The British East Indian Company later modified it for its own gain.

The Jagirdari System became popular during the Mughal empire. And the Jagirdari Crisis is related to this system, where people faced a shortage of land.

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