What is Article 129 of the Constitution?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 9th, 2023

Article 129 of the Constitution states that the Supreme Court shall be a court of record and shall have all the powers of such court, including the power to punish for contempt of itself. The Supreme Court is known as the highest court of India as it is also the last court of appeal.

Article 129 of the Indian Constitution

There are a total of 448 articles in our Indian Constitution that talk about various fields like Legislative Lists, Education, President, Supreme Court, etc. Article 129 of the Indian Constitution allows the Supreme Court to be a court of record and shall have all the powers relating to it.

Let us know about some points related to the Supreme Court of India:

  • It was known as a federal court created under the Government of India Act, of 1935.
  • After independence, the Federal Court was replaced by the Supreme Court of India, which came into existence in January 1950.
  • Originally, as per the recommendations of the Constitution of India, 1950, the Supreme Court had a Chief Justice and 7 Chief Justices.
  • At present, there are 34 judges in the Court including the Chief Justice of India appointed by the President.

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