What is an Arid Landform?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 9th, 2023

An Arid Landform is an area having a severe shortage of available water, to the extent that it inhibits the growth and development of plant and animal life. Landforms in the arid region are mostly created by winds and also developed by water. In arid areas, winds play a major role in forming landforms. Water can also create some types of landforms. Badlands, Mushroom rocks, dunes, yardang, etc. are features of arid landforms. These characteristics are typical of an arid area.

Arid Landforms

There are three processes involved in the creation of arid landforms by air. They are:

  • Deflation – remove, lift, and transport sands and dust particles away by winds, which causes depression, known as blowouts.
  • Abrasion – Process of wearing away the wall of rocks by the sand and dust-loaded winds.
  • Attrition – Process of erosion that occurs during rock collision and transportation.

The great challenges of living in arid regions worldwide are the scarcity of water, limited resources, and the persistent uncertainty of the desert climate.

Types of Arid Landforms

The various types of Arid landforms have been given below.

  • Water eroded Arid Landforms: Gully, Rill, Badland Topography, Ravine, Bolsons, Pediments, Playas, Bajada, etc.
  • Wind Eroded Arid Landforms: Mushroom rocks, Deflation basins, Inselbergs, Demoiselles, Zeugen, Demoiselles, Wind bridges, and windows.
  • Depositional Arid Landforms: Ripple Marks, Longitudinal dunes, Transverse dunes, Parabolic dunes, Barchans, Star dunes, and Loess.
  • Dry areas are characterized by minimal rainfall.


What is an Arid Landform?

A landform is identified as Arid when there is a water shortage, to the extent that it inhibits animal and plant life development and growth. In the arid region, landforms are mostly created by winds and water. Arid regions pose many challenges for people living there such as shortage of water and the uncertain desert climate.

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