What is a Fast Track Court?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 14th, 2023

Fast Track Courts (FTCs) are courts established by Indian state governments after consultation with the respective High Courts. To address long-pending legal cases, the 11th Finance Commission proposed establishing 1734 Fast Track Courts across the country.

Define Fast Track Court

FTCs are honorable courts that are expected to provide swift access to justice. The goal of developing these courts was to reduce the number of cases pending in district and subordinate courts over the next five years.

The Indian government has approved a plan to build up to 1,023 Fast Track Courts in 2019 to expedite the dismissal of pending rape cases under the IPC and crimes under the POCSO Act.

Fast Track Courts in India

The Supreme Court also demanded that a centrally sponsored court be established in each district where more than 100 FIRs have been registered under the POCSO Act to investigate these cases individually.

  • Rape cases had a pendency rate of 89.5% and a belief rate of 27.8%, according to the National Crime Records Bureau, at the end of 2019.
  • For POCSO cases, 88.8% of cases were pending at the end of the year, and of those disposed of, 34.9% ended in a trust.

Therefore, Fast Track Courts are expected to revolutionize the world of law and ensure the swift dispensation of justice to the victims.

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