What did Gandhi do for the Abolition of Untouchability?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 9th, 2023

Gandhi founded the Harijan Sevak Sangh in 1932 to eradicate untouchability from the Indian caste system. He promoted constructive methods and spoke at public gatherings where the doctrines of Harijan welfare were disregarded for the benefit of the Harijans. Untouchable also referred to as Dalit, is an officially recognized caste in Indian traditional society.

Mahatma Gandhi on Elimination of Untouchability

Harijan is a former term for anyone belonging to many low-caste groups in Hinduism and anyone outside the caste system. The term’s usage was considered illegal in the constitutions adopted by the Indian Constituent Assembly in 1949. Mahatma Gandhi called Harijan’s untouchables “Children of God Hari Vishnu” or “Children of God” and worked for their emancipation for a long time.

  • For Gandhi, “the caste system is an obstacle, not a sin. Untouchability is a great crime, a sin, and if Hinduism does not destroy this while there is time, it will be swallowed.”
  • He was adamant that the exclusion of untouchability was based on millions of Hindus changing their minds.
  • Gandhi disregarded his mother’s advice not to touch Uka, the household’s latrine cleaner when he was twelve.
  • Gandhi traveled abroad at the age of 18 despite caste prohibitions.


What did Gandhi do for the Abolition of Untouchability?

The Harijan Sevak Sangh was founded in 1932 by Gandhi to eradicate untouchability from the Indian caste system. This strong mind remained with Gandhi in South Africa, where he allowed people of all communities, races, religions, and castes, including the “Untouchables,” to stay in his house like his family members.

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