What are the Main Characteristics of a Tropical Rainforest?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 9th, 2023

The Main Characteristics of Tropical Rainforests are that they grow in regions with a lot of rainfall and sunlight cannot penetrate them because they are very dense. Evergreen forests are those that appear green at all times. These forests contain significant mahogany, ebony, and rosewood trees. Central and South America, western and central Africa, western India, Southeast Asia, the island of New Guinea, and Australia are all home to tropical rainforests.

Characteristics of Tropical Rainforest

Tropical rainforests, also known as Lowland Equatorial Evergreen Rainforests, are those that grow in regions with a tropical rainforest climate, which means there is never a dry season and all months have an average precipitation of at least 60 mm. These forests are quite damp, with an annual rainfall of nearly 2,000 mm.

28°C is the daily average temperature, which is extremely warm. It never gets below 20°C and hardly ever gets above 35°C. It’s hot and humid outside. The weather is steady throughout the year, and no seasons exist.

  • The majority of the soil lacks much fertility.
  • A thin layer of fertile soil lies at the surface where the decaying dead leaves are found.
  • The soil is red because it has a lot of iron in it.
  • The nutrients in the soil are quickly washed away by heavy rains.
  • The warm, humid climate is ideal for the growth of plants.
  • Numerous species of animals, birds, and insects coexist with numerous plant species.
  • Species have adapted to the conditions of the rainforest to take nutrients from the thin fertile layer of soil; for instance, trees and plants have shallow-reaching roots.


What are the Main Characteristics of Tropical Rainforest?

The fact that tropical rainforests thrive in areas with a lot of rainfall is their main distinguishing feature. They are so dense that sunlight cannot pass through them. Evergreen forests are those with a constant appearance of green.

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