How is Binary Fission different from Multiple Fission?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 9th, 2023

Binary Fission is different from multiple fission because the parent cell in this type of Asexual reproduction gets divided into two daughter cells. But, in Multiple Fission, the parent cell is split into many daughter cells. Fission is the asexual reproduction mechanism observed in Bacteria, Archaea, and other species.

The splitting or dividing of a cell into two daughter cells is known as binary fission. Multiple fission is splitting or dividing a parent cell into two or more daughter cells. Both are asexual forms of reproduction in which only one parent is involved.

How is Binary Fission Different From Multiple Fission?

Difference between Binary Fission and Multiple Fission

The division of an organism or a single cell into two or more divisions can regenerate into a new individual comparable to the parent cell or organism.

Binary fission is most common in prokaryotes like bacteria. On the other hand, multiple fission is a common reproduction process in parasites. The table below shows some important differences between binary fission and multiple fission:

Binary Fission Multiple Fission
In binary fission, the parent cell is divided into two daughter cells In multiple fission, the parent cell is divided into many daughter cells
In binary fission, division occurs in favorable conditions. In multiple fission, division occurs in unfavorable conditions.
The division takes place one time The division takes place repeatedly.
Both the nucleus and cytoplasm divide simultaneously. The nucleus divides first.
The replication of DNA, cell development, DNA segregation, and cell division are all steps in binary fission. The division of the nucleus into numerous daughter nuclei and the split of the cell body into an equal number of sections, each with a nucleus, are two steps in the process of multiple fission.
Examples of binary fission are Amoeba, Euglena, etc. Examples of multiple fission are Plasmodium, Algae, etc.


How is Binary Fission different from Multiple Fission?

Binary fission is different from multiple fission as in binary fission, both the nucleus and the cytoplasm divide simultaneously, whereas in multiple fission, the nucleus divides first, and the cytoplasm surrounds it.

Both are asexual form of reproduction that is followed by one cell organism. Binary reproduction happens in amoeba, bacteria, etc., whereas multiple fission occurs in sporozoans, algae, etc. Binary fission takes time, whereas multiple fission cells spread rapidly.

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