What are the Advantages and Disadvantages of In Situ Conservation?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 9th, 2023

Advantages and Disadvantages of In Situ Conservation: The advantages of In Situ conservation are it helps in the conservation of plant and animal species in their environment since animals and plants live with natural threats like poaching and predation.

The disadvantages of in situ conservation result from an inability to fully control the numerous variables that affect individual survival and, consequently, the genetic composition of the conserved population.

Advantages and Disadvantages of In-Situ Conservation

The advantages of In Situ conservation over Ex situ conservation is listed below:

  • It is a natural way to protect animals and plants.
  • Large populations can be protected at once.
  • This is a more discreet method than simply keeping the species away from their natural setting.
  • There is a higher chance of recovery than in situ preservation methods.

Though it is a natural way of conservation, there are some disadvantages of In situ conservation as well, which are listed below:

  • Some uncontrolled factors can cause a decrease in the population, such as climate change, diseases, etc.
  • Endangered habitats can be fragmented, so the area may not be large enough for the species to exist.

In-Situ Conservation

It’s a method for preserving threatened species of plants and animals in their natural habitats, where they can exist unhindered and uninhibited. Ex situ conservation, in contrast, is the practice of preserving plants and animals in a built environment or under controlled conditions.

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