The Process of Conversion of Sugar into Alcohol is Called?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 9th, 2023

The process of conversion of Sugar into Alcohol is called Fermentation. It is a metabolic process responsible for the chemical changes in organic substracts with the help of enzymes. Fermentation is also defined as energy extraction from carbohydrates when oxygen is absent. Industrial Fermentation is the process of using fermentation to manufacture products for the purpose of human use.

Conversion Process of Sugar into Alcohol

As industrial fermentation is used in different drinks and beverages, fermentation is also being used in chemical commodities. Fermentation is a process that is described by metabolic activities. The introduction of enzymes in a substance causes chemical changes in its properties. Fermentation is used to manufacture the commodity chemicals such as citric acid, ethanol, and acetic acid. Industrial enzymes are also caused by fermentation, such as rennet, lipase, and invertase.

There are more types of fermentation, which are mentioned below as follows-

  • Production of extracellular metabolites
  • Transformation of substrate
  • Production of biomass
  • Production of intracellular components

Applications of Fermentation:

Here are a few applications of Fermentation mentioned below for better understanding.

  • Since the Neolithic age, humans have used fermentation to produce foodstuff and different kinds of beverages.
  • Humans and animals all have fermentation occurrences in their gastrointestinal tracts.
  • Fermentation is used for the preservation
  • Fermentation creates lactic acids in sour food materials such as Yogurt, Kombucha, Pickled Cucumbers, and Kimchi.

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