The Acid Present in Tomato is

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 9th, 2023

The Acid Present in Tomato is Oxalic Acid. The pH (potential of hydrogen) value of tomato varies from 4.3 to 4.9. It is a scale used to determine the acidity or basicity of a material. Mexico, Central America, and western South America are where the species first appeared. The Spanish word tomate, which gave rise to the English word tomato, was derived from the Nahuatl word tomatl from Mexico.

Acid Present in Tomato

About ten distinct kinds of acids, including malic acid, citric acid, ascorbic acid, and oxalic acid, can be found in tomatoes. The amount of oxalic acid in 100 g of tomatoes is about 50 mg. In the 16th century, Portuguese explorers brought tomatoes to India. One of the tomato industry’s major producers in Uttarakhand.

It is eaten in India in a variety of ways, including raw or cooked, in sauces, salads, etc. It contains 95% water, 4% carbohydrates, and less than 1% each fat and protein. Also, it is an important source of Vitamin C.

From the 18th century onward, it was grown for the British. Even today, the Bengali term for it is “Biliti Begun,” which translates to “Foreign Eggplant.” As a result of its suitability for India’s climate and Uttarakhand’s prominence as one of its primary producers, it was then widely adopted.

Uses of Acid Present in Tomato

  • It is used to remove rust.
  • It is used in the dyeing process as a mordant.
  • In lanthanide chemistry, it is used as an important reagent.
  • It is applied to marble sculptures to make them shine.

Acids Present in Food

Some other important acids in fruits and vegetables include tartaric acid, malonic acid, and lactic acid. Here are the uses of these acids:

Uses of Tartaric acid

  • It is used to increase the taste of oral medications.
  • It is used to chelate metal ions like calcium and magnesium.
  • It is used as a leavening agent in recipes along with baking soda.
  • It is used as an antioxidant.

Uses of Malonic acid

  • It is used as a precursor in polyester and polymers.
  • It is used in the fragrance industry and flavors.
  • It is used to control acidity.
  • It is used in pharmaceutical products.

Uses of Lactic acid

  • It is used in food and pharmaceuticals.
  • It is used in making plastics.
  • It helps in the coagulation of protein in milk.
  • It is used in textile dyeing and leather tanning.


The Acid Present in Tomato is

Oxalic acid is the primary acid present in tomatoes. The pH (potential of hydrogen) ranges from 4.3 to 4.9 in tomatoes. It is a scale used to assess how basic or acidic a substance is. An abundance of oxalic acid can be found in tomatoes. Oxalic acid is an organic compound found in many plants and vegetables. It is produced by carbohydrate oxidation.

Related Questions:

Our Apps Playstore
SSC and Bank
Other Exams
GradeStack Learning Pvt. Ltd.Windsor IT Park, Tower - A, 2nd Floor, Sector 125, Noida, Uttar Pradesh 201303
Home Practice Test Series Premium