# The Splice Plate for the Steel Column is Generally Designed as?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 9th, 2023

The splice plate for the steel column is generally designed as Short Column. A splice is a connection between two pieces of steel, and each splice needs to be carefully reinforced to ensure a strong bond. A splice is a joint provided in the length of the member. The column type needed for each successive level in a multi-story structure may vary.

## Splice Plate in Steel Structure

A splice plate is a metal plate used to fix two or more members together. If the connection between the members is not proper it affects the stability of the structure even if the columns and beams used are of high strength. Therefore it is necessary to have an appropriate connection between the members.

Splices are joints that are built into the length of the member. Theoretically, no splice is needed in the case of a column splice if the load is concentric since compression will be passed through the bearing. True axial load in a column, however, never happens.

## Design of Splice Plate for the Steel Column

Splices are created to transmit all forces applied to connected elements if they are not fully faced for bearing. Additionally, columns frequently experience bending as well. The need for column splices is increased by this. For the following scenarios, column portions must be linked together.

• When the column’s needed length is more than the length of the structural steel section, that is readily accessible.
• It is kept at roughly 5 m lengths in multi-story structures to make manufacturing easier. To unite the fabrication along its length, a column must be spliced.
• A splice plate reduces the probability of failure and increases stability. Hence, the width of the splice plate is equal to 400mm.

Summary:

## The Splice Plate for the Steel Column is Generally Designed as?

The Short Column is used to design the splice plate for the steel column. Splices are made to transfer all of the forces that are applied to them in the event that the connecting components are not fully faced for bearing. Therefore, Splices are made to seem like small columns and are built into the length of the member. They are made to transmit the forces applied in connecting elements.

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