Who is Considered as Father of Ecology in India?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 9th, 2023

The Father of Ecology in India is Ramdeo Misra. He pioneered ecological and environmental science in the country. International ecologists referred to him as the “father of Indian Ecology.” Ecology is the study of the interactions between the environment and living things. Its goal is to investigate the relationship between plants, animals, and their surroundings. Ecology and environmental science are concerned with the expansion of the natural environment as well as various laws of biology, geology, physics, chemistry, zoology, and atmospheric science.

Father of Ecology in India

Ramdeo Misra (1908-1998) is known as the Father of Ecology in India for his contributions to the development of ecology among his contemporaries in relation to the conditions that existed in India at the time. In some ways, he helped to make ecology a serious topic for teaching and research in India’s traditional departments.

He made significant contributions to ecology and taught ecology at Banaras Hindu University. He initiated a postgraduate course in Ecology and received numerous awards for his efforts, including the prestigious Sanjay Gandhi Award in Environment and Ecology.

  • Ramdeo Misra received his Ph.D. in Ecology from Leeds University in the United Kingdom in 1937, studying under Professor W.H. Peasall, FRS.
  • He began his ecology education and research at the Banaras Hindu University’s Department of Botany in Varanasi.
  • His work paved the way for researchers to better understand tropical communities and their succession, plant productivity and population responses to environmental change, and nutrient cycling in tropical forest and grassland ecosystems.
  • He established the first postgraduate ecology course in India and laid the groundwork for ecology in the country.


Who is considered as Father of Ecology in India?

The Father of Ecology in India is regarded as Ramdeo Misra. He helped to establish ecological and environmental science in the nation. He was referred to as the “father of Indian Ecology” by international ecologists. Ecology is the study of how living things and the environment interact.

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