One Nation One Ration Card – ONORC Scheme UPSC

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 14th, 2023

One Nation One Ration Card, popularly known as ONORC Scheme, was implemented in 2019 to revolutionize the Public Distribution System (PDS) in India. The One Nation One Card Policy particularly aims to benefit the migrating population of the country. This is based on the idea that the benefits of food security should be portable across all regions of the country. One Nation One Ration Card Scheme ensures the benefits of food entitlements to the migrating class who move from one place to another for purposes like employment.

One Nation One Ration Card was rolled out by the Ministry of Consumer Affairs, Food, and Public Distribution. Initially, four states were added under the ONORC, but now 36 states and UTs are under this scheme. One Nation One Ration Card is a topic under the umbrella of Government Policies and Interventions and is asked frequently in the UPSC Prelims and Mains exams.

What is the One Nation One Ration Card Scheme?

One Nation One Ration Card Scheme or ONORC is a scheme implemented by the Government of India to revolutionize the public distribution ecosystem, especially to benefit the migrating class. This scheme was first implemented in 2019 and aimed to provide hassle-free delivery of food grains to the beneficiaries of ration cards anywhere within the country.

One Nation One Ration Card Notes

For example, a labor from Jharkhand, who has a ration card registered in the district of Jharkhand where he resides, can avail of the benefits of subsidized food grains from any of the Fair Price Shops where he has migrated for work. In the recent times of the Covid pandemic, migrant workers formed one of the most vulnerable sections of society. In situations like this, the One Nation One Ration Card is a scheme that can benefit migrants a lot.

Latest update on the One Nation One Ration Card

  • In current news, Assam has become the 36th State to implement the One Nation One Ration Card (ONORC). The ONORC plan has successfully been implemented in all 36 states and Union Territories, making food security portable throughout the country.
  • The government has launched a mobile app, namely ‘MERA RATION’ for acquiring the maximum benefit of the ONORC plan. The mobile app shall provide the user with real-time information. It is available in 13 languages.

Implementation of the One Nation One Ration Card Scheme

Food portability has long been an issue that our country has struggled with owing to its culture of migrant labor and nomadic living.

  • The One Nation One Ration Card is a revolutionary step undertaken by the government to enable the nationwide portability of ration cards.
  • One Nation One Ration Card policy would be done by implementing IT-driven systems like the installation of ePOS (electronic point of sale system) at FPSs, seeding of Aadhar numbers, and biometric authentication of ePOS transactions in states/Union Territories of India.
  • Beneficiaries can easily quote their ration card number to their nearest Fair Price outlet (across the country). Anyone from the family of the beneficiary (who has seeded Aadhar in the card) can undergo the authentication to pick up the ration.
  • There is no need to even carry the Aadhar card on self as the identification can be done via fingerprints/iris scanning. With the admittance of Assam under its wing, all 36 states/UTs have implemented this One Nation One Ration Card scheme.

Benefits of One Nation One Ration Card

This scheme has numerous benefits, including the elimination of duplicate and fake ration cards, reduction in the leakage of food grains, and greater convenience for beneficiaries who move from one place to another.

  • Enabling Right To Food: Previously, the ration cardholders can avail of their subsidized food grains under the National Food Security Act (NFSA) only from the shops within the concerned state. However, if the ration cardholder moves to a different state, the beneficiary would have to apply for a new ration card in that state. But, the One Nation One Ration Card (ONORC) envisages removing the demographical hindrance in enabling the right to food.
  • Support to One-Third Population: In India, nearly 37 % of the population are migrant laborers. ONORC policy enables the right to food to all the citizens of India irrespective of their geographical territory. Hence, this scheme is important for all the people who move from one place to another frequently.
  • Reduces Social Discrimination: Social Identities ( caste, gender, and class ) and other contextual factors influence the process of accessing the PDS ( Public Distribution System). However, the One Nation One Ration Card policy is beneficial for disadvantaged groups and particularly women.
  • Reduces Leakages: The fundamental prerequisite of the ONORC scheme is deduplication. This shall reduce the leakages. This will ensure that a person does not figure out as a beneficiary in two different stages. Moreover, this scheme is linked with biometrics such as Aadhaar which will prevent corruption to some extent as well.

Challenges of the One Nation One Ration Card.

There are various benefits that come under ONORC Scheme, however, implementation of this scheme has been met with several challenges as well. We have discussed all the challenges faced under ONORC below.

  • Exclusion Error: The digitization of the Public Distribution System has been well covered by Aadhaar-linked ration cards and other smart cards. This reduces leakages. However, we can see the rise of exclusion errors after the Aadhaar seeding. Some sections of society still do not have access to Aadhaar Cards. In this way, these sections of society are deprived of food security.
  • Supplies disrupted at FPS: The FPS receives a monthly quota of food grains according to the people associated with it. The One Nation One Ration Card will fully disrupt FPS. Some FPS may have to cater to a higher number of ration cards as compared to others. This can further lead to chaos for FPSs.
  • Technical Errors: The ONORC will be a scheme that will be digitized. However, digitization in India always has some sort of limitations. This scheme will be bound with some kind of technical glitches. But, this problem will be at the frontier level. If sorted carefully, there will be no problems occurring from the technical front. One Nation One Ration Card

One Nation One Ration Card UPSC

The One Nation One Ration Card falls under the portion of Government Policies and Interventions in the UPSC Syllabus. In the Civil Services Exam, questions related to government schemes are commonly asked, and candidates are expected to have a good understanding of the objectives, implementation, and impact of these schemes. Candidates who are preparing for the IAS Exam must go through the ONORC UPSC Notes and gain an in-depth understanding of all the key points related to this scheme for effective preparation.

One Nation One Ration Card UPSC Questions

Question.1 Which Statement is correct about the One Nation One Ration Card Scheme?

1- The Indian Government under the Food Security Act provides 5kg of ration ( food grains) to each person per month. 2- The One Nation One Ration Card scheme was started initially in four stages and then rolled out in 32 states/union territories by the end of 2020. Select the Correct Answer from the given codes: A) Only 1 B) Only 1 and 2 C) Only 2 D) None

Answer: B ( 1 and 2 both )

Question.2Consider the following statements regarding the ‘One Nation One Card Scheme’

1. The scheme allows the portability of food security benefits for migrant workers in other states 2. Aadhar linkage of ration cards of migrant workers is not mandatory for availing benefits in other states. Which statement is correct? A) 1 only B) 2 only C) Both 1 and 2 D) Neither 1 and 2

Answer: Option A(1 only)

Question 3:Which ministry launched the One Nation One Ration Card scheme? a) Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare b) Ministry of Home Affairs c) Ministry of Consumer Affairs, Food and Public Distribution d) Ministry of Health and Family Welfare

Answer: c) Ministry of Consumer Affairs, Food, and Public Distribution

Question 4: The One Nation One Ration Card scheme aims to: a) Ensure that ration cardholders get more food grains than before b) Provide ration cards to all citizens of India c) Enable portability of food security benefits across the country d) Distribute free food grains to all below poverty line households

Answer: c) Enable portability of food security benefits across the country

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