e-NAM: National Agriculture Market, Definition, e-NAM UPSC

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 14th, 2023

e-NAM is an online trading platform for agricultural products aiming to help farmers, traders, and buyers with online trading. It helps them get a better price through smooth marketing. The full form of e-NAM is National Agriculture Market. e-NAM was launched as a pan-India electronic trade portal linking Agricultural Produce Market Committees (APMCs) across the States, on 14th April 2016, by the current Indian Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi. The management of this system is done by SFAC (Small Farmers Agri-business Consortium), which is controlled by the Ministry of Agriculture and Farmer Welfare.

e-NAM is an important initiative by the Government of India in the agriculture sector. The topic has its weightage, both in UPSC Prelims and Mains. Students, preparing for the Civil Services Exam must go through the e-NAM topic well in detail to understand its features, objectives, and outcome. The latest developments related to e-NAM should also be kept in mind. 

What is e-NAM?

e-NAM stands for National Agriculture Market and is an electronic online trading platform. The objective of this e-NAM is to help traders, farmers, and buyers with online trading. It was launched on April 2016 by the Prime Minister of India.

e-NAM UPSC Notes

This pan-India electronic trading portal is majorly implemented by the Small Farmers Agribusiness Consortium(SFAC) under the Ministry of Agriculture and Farmer’s Welfare. e-NAM is operated via the online portal and it is linked to the states’ Mandis. The states that participate will get the software for e-NAM free of cost.

Features of e-NAM

The e-NAM platform is supported by transparent sale transactions and helps in the price regulation of agricultural products. The stats are interested in participating in this e-NAM platform and have been supported financially. It Includes:

  • There is liberal licensing of the traders or the buyers and the commission agent elected by the state authorities.
  • The single license for the trader is valid for all other markets in the state.
  • Getting information about the quality of agricultural products and quality testing of the products should be carried forward in all the market yards and Mandis.

Objectives of e-NAM

The vision of e-NAM is to increase agricultural marketing through a digital platform, and it is one of the initiatives under the Digital India mission. It allows farmers to control the prices of the farming products manufactured by them. As a result of this system, farmers have access to a larger market for the sale of their agricultural products. The following are the objectives of e-NAM:

  • To integrate markets at the state level and to have a complete online network of buying and selling. Expand this network throughout the country and have a common online market platform.
  • National Agriculture Market aims to provide streamlined marketing facilities to the farmers and to adopt a uniform process for selling and buying across the country.
  • Due to this system, farmers have better marketing opportunities and can also have a greater number of sellers and buyers. This can also help regulate the price gap between agricultural products in rural and urban areas. A transparent auction process can be done. Quality products will be provided to the consumers, and the digital payment system will also be uplifted.
  • Quality products with reasonable prices will be made available to the people through e-NAM.

Benefits of e-NAM

e-NAM provides single window services for all Agricultural Produce Market Committee (APMC) related services and information. It is a transparent trading system that is targeted throughout the country. The price information is available on the e-NAM app, and sellers can have the feature of SMS through which they have information about the price and the quantity of the products.

The payment is directly made into the bank account of the farmers, due to which any illegal things will not take place. For seamless operations, e-NAM mandates three changes in the agricultural marketing laws of states. The benefits of e-NAM are stated below:

  • Transparent online trading.
  • Real-time price checkup
  • Better price for the producers
  • Reduced transactions for the buyers
  • Prices are regulated
  • Quality products are supplied
  • A good supply chain is provided
  • No payment issues arise
  • Access to a huge market

Some of the appreciable outcomes of the e-NAM scheme are:

  • Single license for the trader to trade across the complete market around the state
  • There is only single point market fee, so there are no more complications
  • Electronic auctions are carried out for transparency in the price
  • One can get the license very easily because no more complications are added to getting the license
  • We get seamless transfer of the agricultural products
  • The supply chain will be improved, and the wastage of agricultural products will be minimum
  • Since farmers can sell their products directly to consumers, So they will get the maximum benefit from this system.
  • Producers of agricultural products will do wholesale trade.
  • The quality-based informed training will be taking place

Operating Process of e-NAM

A person will be appointed for a year in the mandi for the e-NAM postal service. This person will ensure the working of the portal. e-service 24×7 to get the total information about the portal. This system is primarily promoted by SFAC and controlled by the Department of Agriculture, Cooperation, and Farmers’ Welfare. SFAC gives the tender to manage the e-NAM portal. The government of India is offering 30 lakhs for the participation of the Indian agricultural Mandis. Farmers working under this scheme are offered with ‘farmers helpline’.

Recent Development made by the e-NAM

The government of India has opted for the integration of 415 Mandis into the collaboration of e-NAM in phase 2 and has achieved this goal by integrating 38 Mandis into it. Phase 1 had already integrated 585 Mandis with e-NAM. And currently, over 1000 Mandis are working in the e- National Agriculture Market.

The Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers’ Welfare had launched three new features of the e-NAM Platform, which will strengthen agriculture marketing. It will reduce the farmers’ need to physically go to wholesale Mandis for selling their produce. The three new basic features were:

  • Farmer Producers’ Organisations (FPOs) Trading Module: The FPOs will upload a picture of their produce and quality parameters from their location, which in turn will decongest Mandis and facilitate FPOs to avail of online payment facility with ease of doing business.
  • Integration of Negotiable Warehouse Receipt System (e-NWRs) Module: A warehouse trading module with a payment feature is launched under this module which will enable small and marginal farmers to place their produce in WDRA-accredited warehouses.
  • Launch of Logistic Module: It will help in the seamless transportation of agri-produce and will promote inter-state trade by providing online transport facilities.

Benefits for the Stakeholder of e-NAM

The e-NAM has basically three prime stakeholders- the farmers, Mandis, and third-party regulators. All three have their own benefits, which are discussed below in detail.


  • e-NAM provides a wide market for the farmers to sell their products; thus, a fire competition is compelled between the farmers.
  • Providing the national market is the main aim of e-NAM, which is achieved by this system, and regulating the price is quite easy, and quality products are provided to the buyers.
  • With high returns, the farmers most benefited from this portal.


  • The bookkeeping and the reporting system cost are gone down because the automatic reports are created and the dealers’ regulation has been improved.
  • The commission agents are also working well with all rules and regulations. All the things are transparent, so any intentional things cannot be entertained, and no manipulation can be performed.
  • Less manpower is required because all the things are carried forward online.
  • It is also possible to predict agricultural product prices and to detect when the products will arrive.

For other parties

  • The secondary buyers can use e-NAM to collect agricultural products, which can be further supplied to the export market; thus, they can access the large marketplace.
  • The people who can collect the products in bulk can directly sell them at the local mandis, reducing the intermediate cost.
  • The transaction costs of the buyers are also reduced.

Challenges by e-NAM

It has become difficult for the government to convince the farmers and traders to opt for online trading; the farmers and the traders are still interested in traditional market schemes. Therefore, it has become difficult to shift them to the online platform.

  • Farmer is still in confusion about the better price for their agricultural products because it has been found that the farmers are not getting enough money through this scheme.
  • It is quite difficult due to lack of energy and lack of internet service with proper computer arraignment, and also there are a smaller number of a worker due to which the system cannot be properly operated and maintained. It is one of the major challenges for the National Agriculture Market.
  • State authorities are not able to manage all the stakeholders of this system; they have struggled to have the farmers, merchants, and dealers and cannot take them to the online platform.
  • As there is no proper operation of this system, not a single state can run this campaign successfully which is a big challenge for e-NAM.
  • There are no people with complete technical knowledge for the management of this system.


e-NAM is a crucial topic for the Civil Services Exam, as it has significant implications for the agricultural sector’s growth and development in India. To prepare for this topic, one must cover UPSC economics Books, along with Economy Notes for UPSC. Covering these will be sufficient. Other than this, special emphasis should be put on Current Affairs as well. Understanding the e-NAM’s features, benefits, and challenges can help aspirants prepare for questions related to agriculture, rural development, and government schemes in the IAS exam.

e-NAM UPSC Questions

Question 1: What is/are the advantages of implementing the ‘National Agriculture Market (NAM) scheme? 1) This is a pan-Indian electronic trading platform for agricultural commodities. 2) This enables farmers to sell their goods on a national market for a price commensurate with their quality. Select the correct answer: a) 1 only b) 2 only c) Both 1 and 2 d) Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: c. Both 1 and 2

Question 2: What does e-NAM stand for? a. Electronic National Agriculture Market b. Easy National Agriculture Marketing c. Efficient National Agricultural Market d. Effective National Agriculture Model

Answer: a. Electronic National Agriculture Market

Question 3: What is the main objective of e-NAM? a. To provide a single platform for farmers and traders to buy and sell agricultural produce. b. To increase the productivity of agriculture. c. To promote organic farming practices. d. To increase the availability of loans to farmers.

Answer: a. To provide a single platform for farmers and traders to buy and sell agricultural produce.

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