# Inflation is the State in Which ____

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 9th, 2023

Inflation is a state in which the value of money decreases. The rise in prices reduces the purchasing power of the currency. Demand-pull, cost-push, and inflation expectations are the three main causes of inflation that can be categorized broadly. The rate of price growth over an extended period of time is known as inflation. The cost of living in a nation has increased, or prices have generally increased. These are examples of broad measures of inflation.

Table of content

## State of Inflation

The biggest cost of inflation is the erosion of real income that results from unevenly rising prices, which inevitably lowers some consumers’ purchasing power. Inflation can eventually affect purchasing power for both those who receive and pay fixed interest rates.

The formula to calculate inflation is:

Let the year be 2000.

Rate of inflation (2000) = Price level (2000) – Price level (2000-1)/Price level (2000-1) x 100

• Demand-pull inflation, core inflation, hyperinflation, imported inflation, wage inflation, and cost-push inflation are a few examples of the various types of inflation.
• Both good and bad inflation can occur. It depends on the pace of change as well as the viewpoint of each individual.
• People who have invested in stocks, commodities, real estate, etc., might like inflation because it will raise the value of their investments.
• On the other hand, a person with cash will not enjoy inflation because it depreciates the value of the money.

Summary:

## Inflation is a State in Which?

The value of money decreases in the state of inflation. This happens because the price increase diminishes the currency’s purchasing power. The three primary causes or examples of inflation that can be broadly categorized are cost-push, inflation expectations, and demand-pull. Moreover, a person using cash will be negatively impacted as the value of money depreciates in the state of inflation.

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