What is the Main Purpose of Botanical Gardens?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 9th, 2023

The Main Purpose of Botanical Gardens is to research and preserve plant species while displaying both foreign and local plant species. These gardens are critical for meeting human needs and promoting well-being. Herbaria and botanical science research programs are typically linked to botanical gardens, which are frequently managed by universities or other scientific research institutions.

Main Purpose of Botanical Gardens

An unprecedented plant diversity loss is currently occurring, negatively impacting ecosystem services. In this scenario, botanical gardens can play a critical role in conserving endangered plant species.

  • Due to many destructive practices, such as over-harvesting, destructive agriculture, forestry practices, urbanization, environmental pollution, and global climate change, nearly one-third of the world’s vascular plant species are at risk of extinction.
  • As a result, we must work hard to create integrated conservation strategies to preserve plant species.
  • This mini-review provides a framework for the botanical garden’s integrated missions, including scientific investigation, in-situ and ex-situ conservation, use of plant resources, and citizen science.
  • Reviewing the development of the Kunming Botanical Garden over the past 80 years, we can demonstrate effective species conservation techniques, citizen science, and scientific research.
  • Examples include camellias, rhododendrons, magnolias, begonias, alliums, nepenthes, medicinal plants, ornamental plants, and plant species with extremely small populations.


What is the Main Purpose of Botanical Gardens?

The Main Purpose of Botanical Gardens is to study and maintain unique plant species that include both foreign and local species. It shows plant species from all over the world in addition to indigenous plant species. These gardens are crucial in satisfying human needs and promoting well-being.

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