How to File a PIL?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 9th, 2023

PIL can be filed in the following ways under the Supreme Court and High Courts; Sending the Chief Justice of the appropriate Court registered letter petitions with pertinent information and supporting documentation, Submitting the PIL to the court via the court’s Free Legal Service Committee, Submitting the case without the aid of a lawyer, Using PIL companies or NGOs to file the case.

Steps to File PIL in India

Justice P. N. Bhagwati introduced the concept of public interest litigation (PIL), which is defined as legal action taken to protect the public interest and show that socially disadvantaged parties can access the justice system. It is a bending of the conventional locus standi rule.

  • A private party or the court files a Public Interest Litigation (PIL) in court, not the aggrieved party.
  • PILs have become a potent tool for enforcing the legal commitments of the legislative and executive departments.
  • The primary objectives of PILs are to provide universal justice and advance the public’s welfare.
  • Instead of preserving individual interests, which are protected by fundamental rights, it is frequently used to uphold group interests.
  • PILs may be submitted to both the High Courts and the Indian Supreme Court.
  • Judicial review authority was the inspiration behind the PIL concept.


How to File a PIL?

PILs can be filed to the Supreme Court and High Courts by mailing registered letter petitions containing necessary details, sending the PIL to court immediately through the Free Legal Service Committee, submitting the case without a lawyer’s help, and submitting the case through PIL firms or Non-Governmental Organisation (NGOs).

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