How Peninsular Plateau is Formed?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 9th, 2023

The Peninsular Plateau was formed as a result of the drifting and breaking of Gondwana land, making it part of the oldest landmass. It is an ancient crystalline, igneous, and metamorphic tableland. The Peninsular plateau is divided into two sections: the Deccan Plateau and the Central Highlands.

Formation of Peninsular Plateau

A plateau is a high plain or a tableland, which is a highland area consisting of flat terrain that rises sharply above the surrounding area on at least one side. Peninsular Plateau refers to the area in southern India between the Western and Eastern Ghats.

The natural beauty of India can be attributed to the Peninsular Plateau. Peninsular Plateau has formed around 150 million years ago, according to scientists. It is formed at an elevation of 900 meters above sea level. Peninsular Plateau covers approximately 16 lakh square kilometers of Indian land. Peninsular Plateau is divided into three broad groups: Deccan Plateau, Central Highlands, and Northeastern Plateau.

Peninsular Plateau Characteristics

The Peninsular Plateau has the following characteristics:

  • It has a black soil area known as Deccan Trap.
  • Extend from Gujarat to Delhi in a southwest-northeast direction.
  • The highly eroded hills are found as broken hills.
  • Rocks are igneous.

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